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Tourist attractions


 
The Great Wall 长城  

The Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization, is one of the world's cultural heritage, but also with the Egyptian pyramids building, or human miracle. In the far more than 2000 years ago, is the working people with flesh and blood built the great wall. The Great Wall is the ancient Chinese people's wisdom, but also the symbol of the Chinese nation. Spring and autumn and the Warring States period, in order to prevent the invasion of feudatory states in other countries, the construction of Beacon Tower, and the walls connects, formed the earliest the Great Wall. Later kings almost reinforcement build the Great Wall. It was up to several million, so it is also called" the great wall". According to the record, Qin Shihuang used the nearly million labor to build the Great Wall, total 1/20 of the population. There were no machinery, all labor and all completed by manpower, work environment and high mountains and lofty hills, cliff, very difficult. The Great Wall east to Shanhaiguan, West to Gansu and east to Jiayuguan, the Yalu River. From east to west through 10 provinces and municipalities. The Great Wall for a total length of 88518000 meters, in which the artificial wall length of 6254239.662 meters, the natural formation of the trench and a length of 25942342.265 meters. The Great Wall was built in the spring and autumn and the Warring States period, which lasted for more than 2000 years, total length amounts to 5320000 meters of above. Today we are referring to the great wall of Ming dynasty built the Great Wall, it is west of Gansu province in Western China Jiayuguan in Northeast China's Liaoning Province, east to the Yalu River, 6350000 meters long. It is like a powerful dragon, the mountains, the cliffs, wear a prairie, the desert, ups and downs in the top of the high mountains and lofty hills, the other side of the Yellow River and the coast of Bohai. At all times and in all countries, where people went to the Great Wall are all amazed its Pangbo momentum, the grand scale and arduous engineering. The Great Wall is a rare treasure, but also extraordinary art heritage, which is the symbol of the Chinese nation be secure against assault ever in the world 's great strength and will, is the pride of the Chinese nation, but also the entire human pride.

The Forbidden City 故宫                          

The Palace Museum is located on city center in Peking.China is existing biggest, most integrity of thou building cluster.It is been one of five greatest temples in the world by the fame.
The Palace Museum start to set up in A.D.1406, the Palace Museum have the size courtyard more than 90s and the house contain 980 and add up to 8704.the Palace Museum surroundings surround 12 meters in height, long the Palace Museum wall of 3400 meters, form is one rectangular city defense, there is 52 meter wide moat outside the wall surround, formation a fortress of severe barracks.The Palace Museum has 4 doors, center door Wu door, east door Donghua door, west door Xihua door, north door Shengwu door. 

The Ming Tombs 明十三陵                         

The Ming Tombs are located in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing ,about fifty kilometers from the city. They are the tombs of thirteen emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368----1644 A.D).
Dingling is the tomb of the tenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty and his two empresses. Its underground palace was the first of the underground structures excavated between 1956 and 1957. 
Dingling consists of five chambers, all built of stone. Its total area is 1,195 square metres. The Ante-chamber and the Central Chamber are 7.2 metres high each. Two Side Chambers are 7.1 meters high each. In the Central Chamber there are three thrones,. The Back Chamber, 9.5 metres high, is the place where the coffins are kept. 
The grave goods of Dingling number over 3,000 pieces in all, including gold, silver, pearls, jewels, jadeware, chinaware, lacquerware, silk goods.

Temple of Heaven 天坛  

The Temple of Heaven was the place where the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties would worship Heaven and pray for bumper crops. 
Built first in 1420(the 18th year of Emperor Yongle’s reign of the Ming Dynasty), and then expanded and reconstructed during the Ming Emperor Jiajing’s reign and Qing Emperor Qianlong’s reign, the Temple of Heaven is a grand and magnificent masterpiece of architecture with a formal and solemn environment. Since the founding of New China, the government has allotted a great sum of money to protect and restore the cultural monuments there. The Temple of Heaven with its long history, deep cultural content and magnificent architectural style mirrors the ancient culture of the Orient.
In the Temple of Heaven are situated such main buildings as the Hall of Prayer for Good harvests, the Hall of Heavenly Emperor, the Circular Mound, the Imperial Vault of Heaven, the Abstinence Hall, the Beamless Hall, the Long Corridor, the Longevity Pavilion in a double ring shape as well as the Echo Wall, the Three Echo Stones, and the Seven Meteoric Stones.
The Temple of Heaven is the largest architectural group for worshipping Heaven in the world. In 1961, it was listed by the State Council as "one of the key monuments under the state protection". In 1998, it was recognized by the UNESCO as "one of the human heritages of the world".

The Summer Place 颐和园                          

The Summer Palace is located on the western edge of Beijing, between the fourth and fifth ring roads,close to the western hills,10km from central Beijing一It is the largest and best-preserved imperial garden in China. Its Chinese name,Yi He Yuan,translates as‘Garden for Maintaining Health and Harmony'.
As its name implies,the Summer Palace was used as a summer residence by China's imperial rulers--as a retreat from the main imperial palace now known as the Palace Museum or Forbidden City-a pleasureground in the countryside,yet near to the city.
The gardens that became the Summer Palace date from the Jin Dynasty (1115一1234 ).Later, the Mongol Emperor Kublai Khan(Yuan Dynasty,1279-1368),who wanted to improve Beijing's water supply,ordered the construction of canals to transport water from the Western Hills to the Summer Palace. He also enlarged the lake(today's Kun Ming Lake)to act as a reservoir.

Peking University & Tsinghua University 北京大学&清华大学                         

Peking University is a national key comprehensive teaching and research orientated university emphasizing the liberal arts and science,and is also one of the first group of universities aamitted to "project 211".peking the former Jing Shi Da Xue Tan(the Metropolitan University)of the Qing Dynasty,opened in December 1898 .The Metropolitan University was the most prestigious institution of higher learning but also the highest administrative organization of education in China.

Tsinghua University is one of the most famous universities in China.Located in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing——the capitla city of China, Tsinghua University was bulit on the site of "Tsinghua Yuan",a former royal garden of Qing Dynasty, with on area of 386.34 hectares. Tsinghua University is also one of the state "Project 211" universities. Tsinghua University is a national key comprehensive research-orientated university with science, engineering, literoture,liberal arts, history , philosophy, economics, administration, low, education and medicine.