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Tourist attractions


 
The Great Wall 长城  

The Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization, is one of the world's cultural heritage, but also with the Egyptian pyramids building, or human miracle. In the far more than 2000 years ago, is the working people with flesh and blood built the great wall. The Great Wall is the ancient Chinese people's wisdom, but also the symbol of the Chinese nation. Spring and autumn and the Warring States period, in order to prevent the invasion of feudatory states in other countries, the construction of Beacon Tower, and the walls connects, formed the earliest the Great Wall. Later kings almost reinforcement build the Great Wall. It was up to several million, so it is also called" the great wall". According to the record, Qin Shihuang used the nearly million labor to build the Great Wall, total 1/20 of the population. There were no machinery, all labor and all completed by manpower, work environment and high mountains and lofty hills, cliff, very difficult. The Great Wall east to Shanhaiguan, West to Gansu and east to Jiayuguan, the Yalu River. From east to west through 10 provinces and municipalities. The Great Wall for a total length of 88518000 meters, in which the artificial wall length of 6254239.662 meters, the natural formation of the trench and a length of 25942342.265 meters. The Great Wall was built in the spring and autumn and the Warring States period, which lasted for more than 2000 years, total length amounts to 5320000 meters of above. Today we are referring to the great wall of Ming dynasty built the Great Wall, it is west of Gansu province in Western China Jiayuguan in Northeast China's Liaoning Province, east to the Yalu River, 6350000 meters long. It is like a powerful dragon, the mountains, the cliffs, wear a prairie, the desert, ups and downs in the top of the high mountains and lofty hills, the other side of the Yellow River and the coast of Bohai. At all times and in all countries, where people went to the Great Wall are all amazed its Pangbo momentum, the grand scale and arduous engineering. The Great Wall is a rare treasure, but also extraordinary art heritage, which is the symbol of the Chinese nation be secure against assault ever in the world 's great strength and will, is the pride of the Chinese nation, but also the entire human pride.

The Forbidden City 故宫                          

  故宫位于北京市中心。中国现存最大、最完整的古建筑群。被誉为世界五大宫之一。
  故宫始建于公元1406,故宫有大小院落90多座,房屋有980座,共计8704间。宫城周围环绕着高12米,长3400米的宫墙,形式为一长方形城池,墙外有52米宽的护城河环绕,形成一个森严壁垒的城堡。故宫有4个门,正门名午门,东门名东华门,西门名西华门,北门名神武门。 

The Ming Tombs 明十三陵                         

  十三陵在北京西北郊,距城约五十公里,是明朝(公元1368至1644年)十三个皇帝的陵墓。
  定陵是明朝第十个皇帝和他的两个皇后的墓,定陵的地下宫殿 (underground palace) 是于1956至1957年第一个被发掘出来的地下建筑。
  定陵是由五个殿 (hall) 组成,全部为石结构,总面积1195平方米。前、中殿各高7.2米,左右配殿高7.1米。在中殿摆设有3个“宝座” (throne)。后殿高达9.5米是放置棺木的地方。
  定陵的陪葬物 (grave goods) 有金银珠宝、玉器 (jadeware) 、瓷器 (chinaware) 、漆器(lacquerware) 、丝织品 (silk goods) 共3000余件。

Temple of Heaven 天坛  

  天坛始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),总面积273公顷,经明嘉靖、清乾隆等朝增建、改建,建筑宏伟壮丽,环境庄严肃穆,是明、清两代皇帝“祭天”、“祈谷”的场所,坛域北呈圆形,南为方形,寓意“天圆地方”。四周环筑坛墙两道,把全坛分为内坛、外坛两部分,主要建筑集中于内坛。坛内主要建筑有祈年殿、皇乾殿、圜丘、皇穹宇、斋宫、无梁殿、长廊等,还有回音壁、三音石、七星石等名胜古迹。天坛集明、清建筑技艺之大成,是中国古建珍品,是世界上最大的祭天建筑群。1998年被联合国教科文组织列入"世界遗产名录"。

The Summer Place 颐和园                          

  颐和园位于北京西郊,在四环和五环之问,紧挨西山,趾北京市中心12公里〕颐和园是中国最大的空家园林。其汉语意思为“颐养和谐之园”
  颐和园的英文名称"Summer Palace"(夏天的宫殿)意思是这里是皇帝在夏大的居住之地—一个离城不远、位与乡村的、供帝王后妃们逍遥游乐的紫禁城。
  早在金代( 1115一1234 ),颐和园就已经开始成为花园随后,元朝(1279~1368)的忽必烈又改进北京的水系统,开挖运河把西山的水引到颐和园,他还扩建了昆明湖作为蓄水池。 

Peking University & Tsinghua University 北京大学&清华大学                         

  北京大学是一所以文理教学和研究为主的综合性全国重点大学,是国家首批“211工程”建设的高校。北京大学创办于1898年11月,又名京师大学堂,是第一所国立综合性大学,当时既是中国的最高学府,也是中国最高的教行政机关。

  清华大学是中国著名高等学府,坐落于北京西北郊风景秀丽的清华园——清朝的皇室花园,占地达386.34 公顷。清华大学是国家"211工程"建设的高校,是一所具有理学、工学、文学、艺术学、历史学、哲学、经济学、管理学、法学、教育学和医学等学科的综合性、研究型大学。